Vodafone Idea Limited has partnered with Nokia to deploy single RAN Advanced, 2X2massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) and small cells.
Nokia’s Single RAN solution simplifies network installation and management, and the deployment of massive MIMO technology will enhance capacity and speed. Further, the installation of Nokia’s small cells will supplement operator’s macro network and ensure improved coverage and capacity, both indoors and outdoors, in line with the HetNet architecture to enable their next generation networks.
Vodafone Idea Limited is also deploying dynamic spectrum sharing (DSR) to make the most productive use of the spectrum and is extensively utilizing ultra-broadband radios UBR radios to further lower opex per site and ease the deployment challenges.
July 26, 2016 — Huawei and Vodafone have completed a mmWave field test, covering single-user multiple input multiple output (SU-MIMO) with a strong reflection path to reach 20 Gbps UE peak rate, and multi-user multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) for long-range UE to reach 10 Gbps peak rate.
“It is the world’s first 5G outdoor field test at E-Band reaching 20 Gbps peak rate for a single user device with high spectrum efficiency. This peak user rate is targeted by ITU-R as a 5G requirement. This is a key milestone after the two companies signed a strategic MoU on 5G technologies last year and a 5G Acceleration MoU this July,” said Johan Wibergh, chief technology officer, Vodafone Group.
The demand for spectrum to provide higher-capacity mobile access and self-backhaul has been rising drastically due to soaring mobile broadband communications traffic, according Vodafone.
“As traditional lower bands used in current cellular access become ever more crowded, there is an increasing effort in the industry to explore the centimeter wave (cmWave) and millimeter wave (mmWave) bands to meet broadband speed requirements,” Eric Xu, rotating CEO of Huawei, said. “This test will contribute to the study of spectrum above 6 GHz for 5G enhanced mobile broadband, and to promote global spectrum harmonization in the coming World Radio Congress in 2019 (WRC-19).”
E-Band is millimeter wave (mmWave) band and can be used as a complementary spectrum band to the lower-band to deliver ultra-high mobile broadband speeds, which will enable applications such as VR/AR and will act as self-backhaul for the 5G mobile service traffic.
Ericsson and Vodafone have demonstrated a new 5G proof of concept following their joint commitment to 5G innovation announced during Mobile World Congress of this year. The two companies created a 5G Smart Network Edge prototype including a 5G-ready core and demonstrated the benefits of network slicing and distributed cloud technology using the example of a “Machine Vision” application.
Machine Vision can be used for quality assurance within manufacturing and production processes and to measure or recognize objects. In a typical setup, pictures provided by high-speed cameras are processed, analyzed and trigger further actions such as sorting out defective parts. In a live demo shown during the Innovation Days at Ericsson’s R&D Center in Aachen, Germany, both companies showed how the 5G Smart Network Edge enables much greater efficiency for industry.
Because of reduced network latencies, the recognition rate of a cloud-based face detection application was increased. Significantly less video traffic had to be sent over the wide-area network and sensitive data was kept locally and was therefore better protected against unauthorized access.
July 23, 2014–While machine-to-machine (M2M) adoption has increased 80 percent in the last year, the United States and Europe lag behind Africa, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific, according to an executive survey published by Vodafone and Machina Research.
M2M is set to continue its growth pattern from 4.4 billion connected devices this year to 10.3 billion by 2018, according to Machina Research.
The adoption rate in the Americas grew from 13 percent to 17 percent, while adoption in Africa, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific (AMEAP) jumped 15 percentage points up to 27 percent since 2013. The variation in M2M uptake results from the diversity in applications, according to the report.
“It’s not a single type of application that is being adopted universally. Whether it’s usage-based insurance in Italy, stolen vehicle recovery in South Africa or smart cities initiatives in China, certain countries, and regions, have particular quirks in terms of which verticals have seen the most substantial growth,” wrote Matt Hatton, principal analyst, Machina Research.
Although the applications of M2M are diverse, three sectors have emerged with nearly 30 percent adoption rates: automotive, consumer electronics, and energy and utilities. In cars, M2M enables remote maintenance and infotainment. Smart homes and offices use M2M intelligent heating/cooling and connected security.
Nearly three quarters of consumer electronics companies will adopt some form of M2M by
2016, whether for new products, logistics or production.
“Consumer electronics is undeniably becoming a leader: its percentage of adoption has increased to 29 percent; and based on this year’s responses it should maintain that lead until at least 2016,” according to the report.
What is M2M?
Machina Research defines M2M as the plumbing for the Internet of Things, connecting devices and transferring data.
“M2M is becoming fundamental to how organizations do business; in some cases, M2M adoption is also creating new business opportunities. These technologies are radically changing the way in which companies serve — and communicate with — their customers,” Hatton wrote.
J. Sharpe Smith is the editor, AGL Link and AGL Small Cell Link, and is a contributor to AGL magazine
Carrier aggregation development, which has been accelerating in the last year, led to products that were all the rage at the Mobile World Congress 2014 in Barcelona. Each promises giant leaps in data throughput.
Huawei’s demonstration of LTE-Advanced FDD+TDD convergence carrier aggregation across FDD and TDD LTE modes and Vodafone’s involvement are particularly interesting, according to Steven Hartley, principal analyst at Ovum.
“The benefit of CA across FDD and TDD LTE is that operators can combine cheaper TDD spectrum with more traditional FDD spectrum to boost capacity and downlink speeds,” Hartley said.
The demonstration, involving three FDD carriers and one TDD carrier, produced a single user peak downlink speed of an eye-popping 500 Mbps.
“In this case where partners are promising more than 500 Mbps, the cost efficiencies for an operator of leveraging the full range of spectrum assets available is unquestionable, but most operators have so far shied away from the technical complexities involved,” Hartley said.
Using Huawei’s technology, Vodafone combined 50 megahertz of FDD spectrum in the 800-MHz, 1800-MHz and 2600-MHz bands with its 20 megahertz of TDD spectrum in the 2600-MHz band in Spain.
Carrier aggregation speeds contrast glaringly with Vodafone’s 1800-MHz and 2600-MHz commercial LTE services, which were rolled out at the beginning of 2013 with a peak speed of 150 Mbps/user.
SK Telecom Demo Combines Three Channels
SK Telecom demonstrated LTE-Advanced by aggregating three bands at the Mobile World Congress. The carrier aggregation technology demonstration combined three 20-megahertz channels to offer speeds of up to 450 Mbps.
The Barcelona demonstration was only the latest in a rapid-fire string of new LTE-Advanced features from SK Telecom since last June. On Jan. 20, the carrier unveiled a wireless system that aggregates a 20-megahertz band and two 10-megahertz bands, supporting speeds of up to 300 Mbps. In November 2013, SK Telecom achieved throughput of 225 Mbps by aggregating a bandwidth of 20 megahertz in the 1.8-GHz band and a 10-megahertz channel at 800 MHz. In August 2013, the carrier combined a 20-megahertz downlink and a 15-megahertz uplink in the 1.8-GHz band; and in June, it combined a 10-megahertz channel in the 1.8-GHz band and a 10-megahertz channel in the 800-MHz band.
CA in Finland
Broadcom, Finnish carrier Elisa, and Nokia Solutions and Networks have demonstrated LTE-Advanced carrier aggregation on a live commercial network. The test aggregated two 20-megahertz channels in the 1800-MHz band and the 2600-MHz band to reach speeds of 300 Mbps.
Ted Abrams, Abrams Wireless, said that carrier aggregation is a milestone in spectral efficiency. But because it is only included in the latest version, Release 10, of the LTE-Advanced standard, it will take time to be rolled out to all U.S. networks.
“This gives all operators, large and small, the opportunity to harvest spectrum from various bands and carry broadband traffic through the air with an aggregated, composite carrier. Most of the LTE equipment deployed in the U.S.A. is Release 9, so it will be a while before all networks incorporate the carrier aggregation features of LTE-A,” he wrote.